What is an A-Number?

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The A-number is a unique 9-digit identifier that the U.S. Government assigns non-citizens who apply for benefits such as employment authorization or who register their identity when they apply for Lawful Permanent Residence status.

The United States government’s maintains a system of records which tracks a non-citizen’s immigration “transactions,” i.e., applications for immigration benefits, entries and exits to and from the United States, etc. The system contains a person’s identifiable information, including:

  • Full name and aliases used;
  • Physical characteristics (biographic information, fingerprint information, photographs);
  • Physical and mailing addresses;
  • Phone numbers and email addresses;
  • Social Security Number;
  • Date of birth;
  • Place of birth;
  • Countries of citizenship;
  • Gender;
  • Physical characteristics (height, weight, race, eye and hair color, photographs, and fingerprints);
  • Government-issued identification information (i.e., passport, driver’s license);
  • Military membership;
  • Arrival/departure information (record number, expiraton date, class of admission, etc.;
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) identification number;
  • Immigration enforcement history, including arrests and charges, immigration proceedings and appeals, and dispositions including removals or voluntary departures;
  • Immigration status;
  • Family history;
  • Travel history;
  • Education history;
  • Employment history;
  • Criminal history;
  • Professional accreditation information;
  • Medical information relevant to an individual’s application for benefits under the INA before DHS or the immigration court;
  • Video transcript of immigration interview;
  • Source: 78 Fed. Reg. 69864, 69866 (Nov. 21, 2013)

Non-citizens in removal proceedings are also assigned A-numbers. The Executive Office of Immigration Review (EOIR) has a telephonic case information hotline that tracks a person’s status in removal proceedings whether before an Immigration Court or the Board of Immigration Appeals. It can be accessed by dialing 1-800-898-7180 or 304-625-2050. The hotline is available anytime, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. To retrieve the status of a case, the caller must enter the A-number of the person involved. The hotline is in both English and Spanish.

A-numbers can be found on Employment Authorization Cards (Form I-766), Lawful Permanent Residence cars (Form I-551) and other US government-issued documentation.

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